Producer – consumer relationship

In the last post about the RampUp library I covered on of the foundations: IRingBuffer. Now I’d like to describe the contract it fulfills.

Producer consumer

If you take a look at the IRingBuffer you’ll see Write/Read methods. These two are responsible for producing/consuming or writing/reading messages to the buffer in FIFO way. What are the guarantees behind such an interface? What about concurrent accessing this structure?

Multimulti

The easiest approach for distinguishing accessing patterns is considering whether the structure could be accessed by one or more threads. If you consider producer/consumer you’ll see that there are four options:

  1. SPSC – Single Producer Single Consumer – only one thread produces items, and another consumes them
  2. MPSC – Multi Producer Single Consumer – multiple threads may produce items in a safe manner, again there’s a single consuming thread
  3. SPMC – Single Producer Multi Consumer – this could be treated as a distributor of work
  4. MPMC – Multi Producer Multi Consumer – multi/multi, ConcurrentQueue is a good example of it

Unfortunately nothing comes for free. If you want to get multi, you’ll pay the price of handling friction on that end. On the other hand, if you want to design a system where queues provide transport between different parts of the system, you’ll need to enable multiple producers for sure, as there’s going to be more than one system element. If you want to process items in an order they appeared and leave the locking issues, just write a fast single threaded code, a single consumer with a single worker thread would be the way to go. Of course this worker thread may access other queues and produce items for them (hence, multi producer is needed).

The ring buffer implementation in RampUp provides exactly MPSC behavior, as it’s prepared to handle items in order, by a single thread.